Independent V State School Education

Free or fee paying educationIf an independent school education features heavily on your wish list then you'll need a nest-egg in the region of £150,000 - the equivalent of  small mortgage - per child, to cover private day school fees alone. Indeed some schools have introduced 'mortgage style' payment options for those who want an independent school education but can't afford the fees up front.

Factor in boarding education, at a top senior school, and £150k won't even cover the last five years. There are money saving possibilities of course - bursaries scholarships, fee plans...

Fortunately, paying for a private education, from finger painting to Freshers’ Week and beyond, is not the only option, with even the very wealthy oft choosing when to pay and where to save.

As we explain....



Finessing the state and independent sectors

If mix and match is what you’re after, how you do it will very much depend on where you live. Are there:

  • Good local primary schools?
  • Excellent comprehensive schools?
  • Selective state grammar schools?

Plan early. Consider:

  • The sex of your child (in general pay for boys before girls, they need all the early help they can get).
  • The religion you practise (convert to Catholicism prior to conception and go straight to education heaven).
  • Your child’s personality and ability - easier said than done of course!

 And consider enlisting the help of our own Good Schools Guide Advice Service. Our most experienced and knowledgeable advisors work one-to-one with you to make the best possible choices for your child's schooling.



Primary vs prep school

Financially, obviously the longer you defer paying the longer you’ll have to save. Though the flip side is that  fees at independent schools tend to rise, incrementally, almost annually - so an early start in the fee-paying sector, with transfer out to the state sector later, will be less burdensome on the pocket.

A good primary school – particularly since the introduction of the National Curriculum and the competitive energy now put into SATs – should ensure that your child will read and write fluently and achieve a high level of verbal and numerical understanding by the age of 11. Some primary schools also provide excellent music, drama, sport and French, although these are often catered for in out-of-school clubs or with the support of parents.

State school value addedHow do I know where the good primary schools are?

If you want to check how a primary school matches up to the private sector, one of the best indicators is the percentage of year 6 children (ages 10/11) who achieve level 5 in their Key Stage 2 SATs – the level that would be expected from the great majority of children in a good prep school.

These figures are now included in the performance tables subscribers to this site will find them on the individual school pages (But only for English state schools). You can also see if a primary school is good for a child like yours - whether high achieving, a little above average, just below or struggling...

State primary school works particularly well if you have an able child who finds little difficulty with the three Rs – particularly since the government is now putting considerable energy into programmes for the ‘gifted and talented’. At the other extreme, those with serious learning difficulties, particularly if they are ‘statemented’ (ie officially recognised as needing support) will be given one-on-one extra help at no extra charge to you - though provision varies considerably between and within schools and depending on the type and nature of those difficulties.


Stuck in the middle?

Independent or state school Those in the middle may be the ones who thrive least well in a busy primary school – as much psychologically as academically.

A hard-pressed teacher with a mixed-ability class of 30 children often simply doesn't have the energy to focus on this unexciting middle group and a parent with an under-confident, just-getting-by child may decide it’s worth pinching pennies for the extra attention that a private school can provide at this stage.

Some parents choose to use the state system for the early years only (nursery to year 2), intending to move to a prep school at 7 or 8. In many ways this is one of the most difficult leaps to execute. Prep schools, particularly in central London, make little allowance for a child who cannot read and write as fluently as candidates from more results-driven pre-preps.

So, unless you have an exceptionally able child, or live in an area where prep-school entry is not so competitive, it's probably wise to get some coaching in at home.




Secondary school choices

Moving from state school sector to private education at 11 is becoming increasingly widespread and many leading day schools, for boys as well as girls, now have their largest intake at this age.

The 11+

The 11-plus entry works particularly well for boys moving from the state sector since, unlike their less fortunate sisters competing against prep-school educated girls (who also change schools at 11), most prep-school educated boys don’t change schools until they are 13.

11+ ExaminationsMany independent schools,  ever mindful of those A level league tables, are increasingly keen to attract the brightest and the best, so much of the emphasis of the 11-plus entrance test is now put on raw IQ, which is generally gauged by verbal and non-verbal reasoning tests (English and maths are also on the menu at many schools).

The high-flying City of London School for Boys, for example – which has always had a broad intake in terms of means and social class – takes a large proportion of its 11-plus entrants from the state sector.

Even academically and socially elite public schools such as Westminster and Eton are now eager to attract the ablest 11-year-olds from the state sector and are prepared to educate them in the years between 11 and 13 at their own or allied prep schools.

IQ alone is not the only factor. Parents keen to make the transition at this point may wish to hire a tutor (or tutor them yourself) from the middle of year 5 (year 6 is too late!) to solidify their child’s literacy and numeracy and prepare their child for the unfamiliar and idiosyncratic verbal and non-verbal reasoning tests. You can find some help on this website. Keep in mind, however, that virtually all private schools offer their own entrance test as an alternative to CE for state school pupils.

Alternatively, many prep schools welcome pupils aged 10 or 11 to train them up for senior school entrance at 13 – although this mostly applies to boys’ or co-ed schools.

Don’t be too concerned about how your son or daughter will cope with the change from state to private. Most schools say that pupils have entirely integrated by the end of their first year.




Grammar school vs independent school

Free or fee paying education

If you live in an area such as Kent or Buckinghamshire, still primarily served by grammar or selective state schools, the approach is often to concentrate expenditure at primary school level, hoping to ensure a child will be ahead in the race for a grammar school place.

If this is your intended strategy, bear in mind that  grammar schools are not allowed to interview candidates and are thus even more dependent on IQ testing than the independent sector. A top grammar school may be as much as ten times over-subscribed, compared to three or four times at a leading independent school so, if you feel your child doesn't have the raw material to compete in these immensely cut-throat exams, be prepared to go private all the way.

The more difficult debate – admittedly only a conflict for a small number – is the choice between, say, a scholarship to City of London, a place at Westminster and a place at one of London’s leading grammar schools. Thinking of all the other things you can do with the money solves that for most people but you lose out on the breadth and social cachet that the fees buy.



Independent schools, A levels and universities

Post 16 education

Social issues are, of course, as important for many parents of children at independent schools as the education itself but some of the benefits conferred by attending a leading public school are now under attack from the government’s attempt to widen access to university.

It may now be slightly more difficult for some public school educated candidates to study some subjects at some universities but Oxbridge – despite all its best efforts – still takes 50 per cent of its candidates from the independent sector.

A good independent school should add an extra grade more to a marginal candidate’s chances than the government deducts – in attitude as much as results.

If financial constraints are paramount, then this is a reasonable time to return to the state, since there’s far greater choice than at 11. Catchment areas become more flexible, older students can travel greater distances and a well-prepared candidate from an independent school may well achieve the clutch of As and A*s at GCSE needed to gain a place at a highly selective state sixth form. Your son or daughter will need to have strong foundations and good motivations – it can be easy to go astray unobserved in a big state sixth form, let alone a college.


From state to private school at A level

Changing from independent school to state schoolFor those with a gifted or able child – in music, art, sports or academics – transferring to the private sector for A levels can also be a wise choice.

There is far greater scholarship funding for students with ability at sixth form (age 16) than there is at any other time in the independent education cycle.

For those with an idiosyncratic choice of A level subjects, there can be considerably more flexibility and some really superb teaching. 



However you choose to play the education game, bear in mind – something often neglected by parents transfixed by a system as complex as Grand Master chess – that no decision is final. If something is not working out for you or your child at any point, it’s almost always possible to change, and often much easier to do at a stage when not everyone else is making the same decision.



Further help and advice

The Good Schools Guide is written for parents by parents, with particular attention being paid to such matters as what kind of school suits each individual child, and what it, its pupils (and its parents) are like.

It asks the questions that the prospectuses don't answer, to highlight the strengths and weaknesses that mere facts can't.

  • The Good Schools Guide visits and independently reviews schools.
  • We quiz parents and moles before penning a review
  • Each review is critical, informative and highly readable.
  • No school can pay to be in The Guide.
  • We choose the schools we want to include. 

The Good Schools Guide Advice Services

You may well feel you need personal, one-to-one advice and guidance through the process of choosing a school and applying, whether state or independent, at home or overseas, or in planning for university. Click to find out more 


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GSG 19th Edition book cover

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Try before you buy

Click on the links below to read the full Good Schools Guide review and to check out data features. 

Farleigh School, Andover an independent school for boys and girls aged 3-13, takes boarders.

Formerly a catholic boys' prep now a co-ed school with lots of day. Swanky Georgian building in the Test Valley. Set amongst 60 acres of well-bred parkland..

Ripon Grammar School, Ripon is a state school for boys and girls aged from 11 to 18, that takes boarders.

Demand for boarding places (14 a year) outstrips supply, especially post-GCSE. An unashamedly academic school, exemplifying much of the traditional English grammar school tradition, though certainly not an exam factory; even so, those with an IQ of lower than 120 could eventually find the pace too hot.


Discover all the inside information including: 

  • What the head is really like.
  • How to get in - and where pupils go on to when they leave.
  • What's really on offer, both in and out of the classroom.
  • The facilities, frippery and finery to be found - or not!
  • The atmosphere. Who will the school REALLY suit?
  • The funding you'll need and the financial health of the school.
  • Our opinion - what parents think, what we've uncovered...


Subscribers to The Good Schools guide can examine:

  • School performance data* for KS2, GCSE and A-level
  • Value-added data* .Does the school make a difference to all pupils or just some?
  • University information*. Details of which universities pupils go on to and what they study.
  • And, for English state schools, make sure you make the right move by examining catchment area data and seeing which schools pupils come from and which schools they move on to. 

*We indicate on a school's page here data is available. We do not have data for schools outside of England.



Further reading

Choosing A School – Thoughts For Parents

Understanding The Eleven Plus (11+)

10 Reasons To Choose An Independent School

State Boarding Schools - Free Tuition, Just Pay For Your Stay!

Mix and Match - State and Private Education

State School Admissions - How To Secure A Place

Questions To Ask When Visiting A School - Academic Matters

Questions To Ask When Visiting A School - Financial Factors

Questions To Ask  When Visiting A School - Beyond The Classroom

Independent School Admissions - It's Not Just Ability To Pay 

From Embryo To Eighteen - How To Survive The Education Highway

Scholarships, Bursaries Grants And Awards

Fee Paying Schools - Bargain Hunting

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