Understanding the eleven plus (11+)


11+ examinations and testing

This is THE must read article for any parent of a child under eleven years of age who is contemplating a selective or independent school education. We unravel the mystery behind 11+ testing and examinations and explain what you need to do, when and how, to ensure maximum success for your child.  


But hurry, you may not have a minute to spare....


Eleven Plus panic

At certain times of year, in various parts of the country, parental faces are drawn and pale, their brows knitted, their fingers knotted and, except at night when they wake, screaming, they speak only in low voices.

All they will say is, at first, “450 for 80 places - it can’t be true!” and later on, meaningfully, “have you heard?”


What is the Eleven Plus?

The eleven plus is found in both the state system and in the independent schools sector, and is the entrance exam procedure for getting your brightish little button into a fee-paying school. Much of the country abolished the 11+ several decades ago but a few local authorities held their ground - Bucks, Kent, Surrey, N Yorks and a few London boroughs. In these areas, the comprehensive system found in most of the country exists in tandem with a few grammar schools.

Grammar schools select their pupils on the strength of their performance in the 11+ examination so they, in effect, cream off the local brightest and best - or, at least, those children whose parents believe in this type of selection - and give them what most believe to be a superior academic education.


What does my child need to know?

There is no uniformity to the exams. Many local education authorities still test applicants’ English and maths just as their parents and grandparents were tested decades ago. Others test verbal reasoning (VR) and non-verbal reasoning (NVR) - a fairer system, many believe, as this is a better indicator of raw intelligence than English/maths which can be coached for and which advantage those from prep schools. VR and NVR cannot really be coached. The raison d’etre of preparatory schools is - as their name demonstrates - to prepare their pupils, help them get into good senior schools - state or independent.

The credit-crunch and protracted economic down-turn mean the pressure is on schools to propel their alumni into the few grammar school places around.


When does it happen?

11+ testing fro entry to independent and grammar schoolsThere is no synchronicity to when the eleven plus happens. However, state grammar schools must now give out initial results before the closing date for all secondary school applications -

so in many cases you need to sign up by July of year 5, and exams often take place in September of year 6.


Even the independents make little effort to synchronise testing and exams happen from November - January in general. However, some independent schools, especially in London, have formed themselves into consortia so that your child sits one exam which is then used as an application to a whole bunch of schools.


Credit crunch knock-ons

Grammar schools are likely to be increasingly high profile now that our credit has been crunched. Fewer parents can now be confident that they will continue to have the finances to support Sanjay and Shazia though expensive education and they and countless like them now pin their hopes on getting places at the local grammar - if any. This is also having an impact on house prices. Richmond in Surrey needed few incentives to see its house prices rise under normal circumstances but if anyone wants to know why they are holding up better than most in current circumstances, look no further than to the two Tiffin grammar schools in nearby Kingston Upon Thames, both fully reviewed in The Good Schools Guide.



Tutoring is, therefore, one of our few thriving industries. Witness the number of tutor agencies now advertising themselves on the net. Beware of these! There are no laws in the UK which govern ‘tutoring’. Anyone can call themselves a tutor. (See our extensive section on Tutors & tutoring which tells you all you need to know).

Undoubtedly, one-to-one tutoring with an experienced and friendly tutor brings on any child faster and more enjoyably than anything else. But tutoring can be expensive and, in grammar school areas, it is decidedly a seller’s market. Your child may be brainy, you may never have considered independent education if only because of the cost but you don't want him/her disadvantaged because you haven’t the cash for tutoring.


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No cash - what can I do? Who do I ask?

Money and selection, paying the feesIncreasingly, small group tuition companies have sprung up here and there and many do a good job at far less cost than individual sessions. They can never be as good as they exist to impart information and technique rather than to address the needs of your own individual child, but they can often be good enough - especially for a child who enjoys going. The best known of these is Kumon, but there are numerous others, many run by worthy local teachers.

Rely on personal recommendation rather than ads. If a parent whose child is the same age as yours and therefore a competitor for a place, tells you a company is rubbish, don’t trust them! Trust someone who went through the process the year before.

The Good Schools Guide Advice Service will give you sensible independent advice based on your child and on where you are. We offer you a personal consultancy on all aspects of your child's education.


Eleven Plus papers

Many schools set their own practice papers and often publish them on their website. You can also buy practice books at local bookshops.


Eleven Plus - don't panic!

Your local comprehensive may not spill out pristine, quietly spoken, well-mannered children destined for Cambridge and bound for a worthy career as a dentist or noble public servant, though it must be said, many state schools do and do so very well. Whatever the picture, before you stride through their doors on a visit, why not take a look at the information The Good Schools Guide carries, even for state schools that we haven't visited. Subscribers will find comprehensive examination results information. If that whets your appetite there's more - why not use 'My Schools', our unique, invaluable system which enables subscribers to compare schools and find out which schools are top of their class.

A decade of investment and some enlightened planning have made for more good state schools than hitherto - some very good. The more parents who care about education and who have aspirations for their children who send their children to these schools, the better the schools will get. The breadth of opportunity and the dedication and inspiration of many comprehensive school teachers are impressive and, to many, a revelation once they go and see. So - go and see - and do let us know what you find. It is, after all, the business of state schools to put the independents out of business. You could be in on the start of something.....


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Further reading

Eleven Plus Maths

11+ And 13+ Maths What Your Child Should Know

Teach Your Child 11+ Maths

Common Entrance CE

Grammar & Selective Schools Reviewed In The Good Schools Guide

Where To Find A State Grammar School

Choosing A School For A Talented Child

Getting An Educational Psychology Assessment

The Gifted Child

Pre-testing For Entry To Independent Senior Schools

Why Get A Tutor?

Independent School Admissions - Insider Information On Getting In

Exams update -  an in-depth look at the multitude of exams and curricula available in UK education.

What School League Tables Do Not Tell You

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