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Northern

School year runs fromSeptember to July

Winter: December - February

Spring: March - May

Summer :June - August

Autumn: September - November

Hence the N. Hemisphere school year is divided into 3 terms (UK) or 2 semesters (US)

Term 1, autumn/ Christmas, starts September and ends in December.

Term 2 is the Spring/ Lent term

This starts in January and ends in March/ April (depending on Easters dates)

Term 3 is the Summer term

This starts in April and ends in July

Long holidays are July and August

Half terms vary. The Autumn term half term in some schools is now 2 weeks long, others 1 week. Other half terms usually last between 4 and 7 days.

Southern

School year runs from end of January toDecember

Winter: June - August

Spring: September - November

Summer: December - February

Autumn: March - May

In the S. Hemisphere the school year is split into 2 semesters each with 2 terms.

Semester 1

Term 1 starts at the end of January or early February and ends in March/ April (again dependent on Easter)

Term 2 starts in April and ends at the beginning of July

Semester 2

Term 3 starts in the middle of July and ends at the end of September

Term 4 starts in the middle of October and ends early in December

Long holidays are December and January

Half term often coincides with a public holiday. In the State system that is generally all half term is. In the private system because there are boarders within schools everyone gets boarders weekends of four days.

The actual starting datesdo vary in Australia from state to state, but this is a rough guide.

Time differences also vary fromState to State

Western Australia (Perth)is 7+ GMT during the Northern Hemisphere winter.

During the Northern Hemispheresummer, WA is9 +GMT due to Western AustralianSummer time.

The Australian Eastern States (New South Wales, ACT, Victoria and Tasmania) are 2 hours ahead of WA during WA’s winter/ Northern Hemisphere summer, and 3 hours ahead during WA's summer or theNorthern Hemisphere's winter. There is less time difference due to the Eastern States also having Summer Time.

Queensland (usually classed as an Eastern State but in this case is not) is two hours ahead of Western Australia and does not have Summer Time so ends up being 1 hour ahead during WA Summer Time.

Just to confuse things a little more, Adelaide and Darwin aka Southern Australia and the Northern Territory are 1.30 hour ahead of WA'swinter and 1/2 hour ahead during the summer. (!)

A good website is the ABC (National broadcasters) web page which outlines these time differences and the relevant starting dates of Summer time). http://www.abc.net.au/backyard/timezone.htm#clock

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