Foetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder is the most common, non-genetic cause of learning disability, and it is on the rise. Affected children have a range of difficulties which may include problems with speech, language and communication; gross and fine motor skills; attention deficits; and cognitive deficits. We look at strategies to use at school and at home.
Fragile X gets its name from an abnormal site on the X chromosome. Its incidence is higher in boys, and they are more severely affected than girls with the condition - about 80 per cent of boys will have learning difficulties compared to one-quarter of girls.